Reimaginând feminismul de ziua internațională a femeilor
(Reimagining feminism on International Women’s Day)
de Harsha Walia
În fiecare dimineață îi citesc fiicei mele de un an dintr-un fabulos abecedar pentru copii. Când ajungem la litera F, spunem: “F vine de la Feministă, Vrem să fim plătite egal”. Desigur, o carte pentru copii este limitată în cât de bine poate exprima o analiză cu mai multe niveluri de nuanțe, dar uneori mă întreb cât de relevantă este aceasta articulare a unei versiuni particulare de feminism pentru ea.
Feminismul liberal dominant a cerut în mod uzual drepturi egale pentru femei. Chiar și valurile ulterioare care au adus cu ele o reprezentare mai largă a diverse femei si persoane trans în același cadru feminist rareori au schimbat premiza “egalității” ca primă forță de organizare feministă, lăsând astfel nechestionată relația dintre heteropatriarhat și alte structuri de putere sociale, economice și politice. Pariarhatul nu este secundar capitalismului și imperialismului; bazele pe care capitalismul, colonialismul și violența statului sunt structurate în relație cu, și prin patriarhat. Femeile marginalizate, asfel, nu îndură numai violența de gen la cote ridicate, ci o și îndurăm într-un mod calitativ diferit.
Feminismul: prieten sau inamic al statului?
În ultimul deceniu a apărut o explozie de dezbateri despre strategiile feministe împotriva violenței care se bazează pe stat. Strategii anti-violență, precum legi de condamnare mai dure și creșterea activității poliției, au fost criticate pentru contribuția la criminalizarea care deja afectează în mod disproporțional comunitățile de culoare, comunitățile sărace și persoanele trans. Continue reading
… Only those with presumed safety in dominant society fear losing their privilege of comfort, along with possession and control over discourse in online spaces. People of color face real violence on the basis of their skin color. Black, brown, and gender non-conforming bodies even face police brutality, which shows that a lack of protection is normalized. In a world where whiteness means presumed innocence, safety, and entrance there is born a fear of anything contrary to unquestionable authority. The reaction white feminists are having to women of color feminists entering Twitter tends to problematize those who point out racism rather than question the integrity of the framework being critiqued.
The invoking of “toxic” is particularly instructive in that it normalizes online spaces in absence of these “polluting influences.” Seemingly ignoring the daily violence directed at women of color online, claims about the tranquility of online spaces in absence of these intrusions belies the facts on the ground. Dr. Brendesha Tynes, et al., in “Online Racial Discrimination and Psychological Adjustment Among Adolescents,” found that between 30-40% of youth of color experience racism online. According to Dr. Marcia Dawkins, “These young people were more likely to become depressed, anxious and, possibly, less successful academically.”
The Internet is toxic and violent, yet the recent narrative seems to reimagine virtual reality as a democratic nirvana seemingly disrupted by angry, disruptive, and divisive feminism. …
… In the discussion of Twitter feminism, the deployed language of “toxic” or “polluting” feminism is striking given the desire to reclaim these spaces because they are “toxic” and a blight on Feminism or progressive causes. Just as middle-class whites are returning to neighborhoods, previously abandoned and “left behind” – resulting in environmental hardship – these “crusaders” are now seeking to “clean up” the Internet at the expense of already marginalized voices.
Whereas others seem to be focused on “cleaning up” or otherwise ridding the Internet of those undesirable intrusions, there remains a community of people committed to creating a more just on- and off- line space. The desire to “clean up” these spaces through displacing or silencing women of color, those critical yet marginalized voices, embodies a form of digital gentrification. …
“In Defense of Twitter Feminism: Call-out culture, gentrification on social media and the politics of feminist discourse online.” by Suey Park @ MODEL VIEW CULTURE
We’d like to build spaces without harassment, without having to worry about jerks, and more ambitiously, with active encouragement to explore. The culture we’re developing supports making, learning, and teaching, which is a goal we share with many other hackerspaces. Ours is starting with a few extra values; intersectional feminism, support for feminist activism and strong respect for personal boundaries. We’re trying to build structures that help us form strong social ties and share responsibility.
It’s very exciting. I know what you’re thinking. You want a feminist hackerspace full of creative, talented non-jerks near you!
“The Rise of Feminist Hackerspaces and How to Make Your Own” by Liz Henry @ MODEL VIEW CULTURE
— via aic
apropos de femei si alergat:
In 1967, Kathrine Switzer was the first woman to run the Boston marathon. After realizing that a woman was running, race organizer Jock Semple went after Switzer shouting, “Get the hell out of my race and give me those numbers.” However, Switzer’s boyfriend and other male runners provided a protective shield during the entire marathon.The photographs taken of the incident made world headlines, and Kathrine later won the 1974 NYC marathon (women’s division) with a time of 3:07:29.
“Kathrine Switzer (born January 5, 1947) is the first woman to run the Boston Marathon as a numbered entry. She entered and completed the race in 1967, five years before women were officially allowed to compete in it. Her finishing time of approximately 4 hours and 20 minutes was nearly an hour behind the first female finisher, Bobbi Gibb (who ran unregistered). She registered under the gender-neutral “K. V. Switzer”. It was not done in an attempt to mislead the officials; she had long used “K. V. Switzer” to sign the articles she wrote for her college paper.” — Wikipedia: Kathrine Switzer
mai multe pe site-ul lui Kathrine Switzer, profilul ei (video) pe makers.com si un eseu: “LIFE IS FOR PARTICIPATING”